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Statement on and Advance Questions to China

Last updated: 22.10.2013 // UPR of China 22nd October 2013. Statement and advancequestions submitted by Norway

Statement:

挪威热烈欢迎中国代表团。(Norway warmly welcomes the delegation of China.)

Norway recognizes the contribution China’s economic growth has made towards promoting the standards of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

Norway notes China’s efforts to prepare the ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and recommends that China move towards ratification of the ICCPR in the near future.

Norway recognizes that the space for public expression in Chinese society has expanded in past decades. Yet, apparent disparities exist between the space for expression and the legal protection of public expression, which may lead to arbitrary and disproportional restrictions on the freedom of expression. Norway recommends that China makes further efforts towards safeguarding the freedom of expression of all citizens.

Norway recognizes the ongoing legal reforms that aim to reduce the use of capital punishment in China. We see this as an important step towards an effective moratorium on executions, and the eventual abolition of the death penalty in China. Norway recommends that China increases judicial transparency in the use of the death penalty.

Advance questions:

  • LGBT individuals continue to face a number of challenges. Which steps will China take to ensure that sexual orientation and gender identity is not a cause for discrimination in educational and employment settings, as well as in terms of access to health services? Will China take steps to remove transgender from the list of mental disorders in the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders?
  • What are the annual numbers of death sentences, suspended death sentences and implemented executions in China in recent years?
  • The self determination of peoples is at the core of the international human rights regime, and warrants the recognition of the social and political franchise of minorities by all states. The social and political position of China’s 55 minority peoples must be protected under the same rule. China’s regional autonomy system intends to address this issue, but its implementation is based on geographic concentrations of minority peoples. How will China work to ensure that all ethnic minorities are fully capable and able to protect their interests as minorities within the Chinese society?
  • Religious practice is a core element to the full enjoyment of the freedom of religion. In China religious practices are only officially recognized within the formal structures of registered religious communities. What steps will China take to extend legal protection of religious practice for all, regardless of denomination or status?

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