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Statement on and Advance Questions to Chile

Last updated: 28.01.2014 // UPR of Chile January 28th. Statement and advance questions submitted by Norway.

Statement:

Norway commends Chile for the important advances made since 2009 in order to strengthen the institutional and legislative national human rights framework, including the establishment of a national human rights institute. Norway looks forward to the establishment of the planned Office of the Under-Secretary for Human Rights and the adoption of a national human rights plan.

The adoption of a Law on Measures against Discrimination is equally important. Norway encourages Chile to further strengthen the institutional framework and implement preventive measures in order to address discrimination efficiently.

Norway is concerned about reports on cases of torture and disproportionate use of police violence, especially against minors and members of indigenous peoples during social protest, including gender-based and sexual abuse. Norway recommends that Chile further strengthens accountability for human rights violations by the police and implement a national prevention mechanism against torture.

Norway recommends that Chile gives urgent attention to the full implementation of ILO convention 169, especially with regard to prior consultation on legislative and administrative measures that may affect indigenous communities.

Norway recommends that Chile takes steps to strengthen and protect women’s sexual and reproductive rights in line with CEDAWs recommendations, review national legislation on abortion and enforce national legislation with regard to access to birth control.

Advance Questions:

1.Chile revised its Code of Military Justice in 2010 in order to exclude civilians from the jurisdiction of military courts. However, offenses committed by police or military personnel where civilians are involved are still under the competence of military courts. Is Chile planning to reform this practice, thus aligning its legislation with the recommendations of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights?

2. Political participation among representatives of Chile’s indigenous peoples is alarmingly low. What are the efforts made by the Government of Chile in order to strengthen their political participation?

 3. Chile is characterized by excessive concentration of media ownership with about 95 % of all print titles in the hands of two communications groups, El Mercurio and Copesa,  that are also the sole recipients of government subsidies. How does the Government of Chile work to encourage freedom of expression through increased media pluralism?

4. Chile is a state party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Could the government of Chile please elaborate on its work to incorporate the Convention into national legislation in order to establish a comprehensive framework for the protection of children’s rights, in compliance with said Convention? 


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