The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. It provides each state with the opportunity to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situation in their country and for the other countries to give recommendations of improvement in areas where they find that the situation is not adequate. The UPR is one of the key elements in reminding the states of their responsiblity of ensuring human rights.
At the 18th session of the UPR the following 14 countries are under review in the Human Rights Council; New Zealand, Afghanistan, Chile, Cambodia, Uruguay, Yemen, Vanuatu, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Comoros, Slovakia, Eritrea, Cyprus, Dominican Republic and Vietnam.
Norway takes an active role in the UPR and will be sending in advance questions and/or holding statements during the review of nine of the fifteen states. These states are New Zealand, Afghanistan, Chile, Uruguay, Yemen, Slovakia, Eritrea, The Dominican Republic and Vietnam.