According to the agreements members shall notify changes in domestic regulations, anti-dumping investigations and subsidies programs, and also measures they implement in case they find that other members do not follow the rules (safeguard measures). Thus, review of notifications is the nucleus of the work of the committees.
Where a member country, following an investigation of an assumed dumping of goods, imposes a countervailing measure this will be discussed in the Committee on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. If the countervailing measure is perceived as a protectionist move rather than an anti-dumping remedy by the exporting party, the case may be brought before the Dispute Settlement Body for resolution if consultations between the parties are not successful. For Norway this was the situation when the EU imposed countervailing duties on import of Norwegian salmon some years ago.